Shoulder physical therapy and rehabilitation are, unfortunately, still a very common need for the shoulder joint’s wide array of motion: it’s a ball and socket joint that support the head of the humerus (the upper arm bone), and the tendons and muscles that form the shoulder capsule. The tendons and muscles are relatively easy to treat with physical therapy and rehabilitation. The shoulder joint itself is not. This is because the shoulder capsule is surrounded by two different groups of tendons and muscles:
These two groups of tendons and muscles make up the shoulder capsule. The shoulder capsule is very dense, and its structure is such that it can’t be easily damaged. However, this does not mean that you can’t hurt it. In fact, there are several very common injuries to the shoulder capsule that cause pain and deformity. These include injuries to the cartilage between the capsule and the rib cage, fractures of the capsule, trauma to the capsule, inflammation of the capsule, and other degenerative diseases that cause the capsule to become inflamed, stiffened, or lose its shape.
Some of these injuries to the shoulder capsule happen very quickly and don’t even have anything to do with the shoulder itself. Other injuries, however, take months before they can fully heal. They’re called degenerative injuries to the shoulder, since they gradually change the way the shoulder moves over time.
Shoulder injuries may be caused by many things. One of the most common causes is repetitive shoulder motion. If you lift your arms and shoulders while standing for extended periods of time, for example, you’re likely to develop a problem. If you perform repetitive overhead movements while lifting or pushing your body weight from one position to another, you may also be at risk. If you wear heavy lifting or pushing clothing, you may be more at risk than you might think. Even some activities you’ve done all your life, like carrying a grocery bag or carrying a grocery cart, can put you at risk for injuries to the shoulder capsule. And surrounding muscles if they’re performed too often.
Of course, some injuries to the shoulder are caused by problems with the tendons themselves. They may become inflamed or degenerated, causing your shoulder pain and restriction of motion. In these cases, physical therapy will focus on treating the tendonitis, which can be treated with physical therapy and rehabilitation. It’s not uncommon to treat tears of the rotator tendon, as well.
As you can see, physical therapy for Shoulder Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation for the shoulder is really not that hard to deal with. Most injuries can be treated with minimal pain and minimal downtime and recovery time, but others may require surgery. In addition to using a shoulder brace, strengthening exercises, and other non-surgical methods, physical therapy is also important in the early stages of rehabilitation and pain management. Once your shoulder pain and range of motion stabilize, the use of a brace or splint may be necessary in order to prevent further damage from occurring.